About this blog
This weblog is part of the OpenCourseWare project of Delft University of Technology. We will inform you about updates of OCW-website and other interesting things around OpenCourseWare.
Visit other Opencourseware sites from around the world.
- January 2017 (1)
- November 2016 (1)
- September 2016 (1)
- June 2016 (1)
- April 2016 (1)
- February 2016 (2)
- September 2015 (1)
- March 2015 (2)
- February 2015 (3)
- November 2014 (1)
- October 2014 (1)
- September 2014 (2)
- August 2014 (2)
- July 2014 (2)
- June 2014 (2)
- May 2014 (1)
- April 2014 (2)
- March 2014 (3)
- February 2014 (4)
- January 2014 (1)
- December 2013 (1)
- November 2013 (1)
- September 2013 (5)
- August 2013 (1)
- July 2013 (3)
- June 2013 (3)
- May 2013 (4)
- April 2013 (2)
- March 2013 (10)
- February 2013 (4)
- January 2013 (4)
- December 2012 (4)
- November 2012 (5)
- October 2012 (4)
- September 2012 (4)
- August 2012 (4)
- July 2012 (7)
- June 2012 (4)
- May 2012 (4)
- April 2012 (3)
- March 2012 (6)
- February 2012 (4)
- January 2012 (4)
- November 2011 (3)
- October 2011 (2)
- September 2011 (6)
- August 2011 (4)
- July 2011 (5)
- June 2011 (5)
- May 2011 (5)
- April 2011 (3)
- March 2011 (3)
- February 2011 (3)
- January 2011 (1)
- December 2010 (1)
- November 2010 (4)
- October 2010 (3)
- September 2010 (9)
- August 2010 (3)
- July 2010 (2)
- June 2010 (5)
- May 2010 (4)
- April 2010 (2)
- March 2010 (1)
- February 2010 (1)
- January 2010 (3)
- December 2009 (2)
- November 2009 (2)
- October 2009 (6)
- September 2009 (1)
- August 2009 (2)
- July 2009 (4)
- June 2009 (4)
- April 2009 (2)
- February 2009 (4)
- January 2009 (3)
- December 2008 (2)
- October 2008 (8)
- September 2008 (1)
- June 2008 (1)
- April 2008 (2)
Posts by Martijn Ouwehand
“The world is facing challenges that our university of technology alone cannot meet.” With these words, Rector Magnificus Karel Luyben announced the TU Delft Open Science programme at the Dies Natalis 2016. Now, in 2017, the year that the Open Education Consortium has declared ‘The Year of Open’, we are taking another step forward. The aim is to raise awareness among scientists, lecturers, administrators, and students about the importance of open science.
In 2016, the focus on open science – that is, making scientific knowledge accessible online to all levels of society free of charge – led to the formulation of the open access policy and the creation of a data framework policy (in other words, policy for research data management). Events like the Open Education Week, the Open Access Week, and the launch of the open science course, helped the ideas behind open science to become more firmly established and integrated.
This year, there will be another full open science programme that you too can take part in. Examples include the Open Education Week in March, the launch of the open science course in June, the ten-year anniversary of OpenCourseWare, and the Open Access Week in October.
So keep your eyes and ears open and regularly check the website for all the great things that will be happening as part of The Year of Open.
A global perspective
The Year of Open is a global focus on open processes, systems, and tools, created through collaborative approaches, that enhance our education, businesses, governments, and organisations, organised by the Open Education Consortium. At its core, open is a mindset about the way we should meet collective needs and address challenges.
Communities around the world are bringing open practices to many different fields, such as open source software, open government, open data, and of course open education. Open represents freedom, transparency, equity and participation. When something is openly created and released, the intent is for others to use it, contribute to its development and make it better for everyone, whether that’s adding more features or information, or finding errors and fixing them (source). Learn more about the global Year of Open
Being involved in open & online education has reignited the spark to improve learning for students in the oourses we offer on campus in many ways. Using existing materials developed by others is one of them. Here’s a story from Prof. dr. ir. Herman Russchenberg, who is involved in both a DelftX MOOC on Water and Climate and several campus courses, where he introduced the Flipped Classroom principle based on video’s developed for the MITx MOOC on Global Warming Science in the Master course on Climate Change: Science and Ethics.
Climate Change: Science and Ethics: A flipped approach
Prof. Russchenberg is about to offer the Master course in Climate Change: Science and Ethics in flipped format for the third time. The course used to be a course in the traditional lecture model: students were asked to prepare for their lectures and the full contact time was used by offering traditional lectures, offered by the professor. However, students did not seem to prepare very well. And the hours on which the course was taught, were not very stimulating either. The combination lead to students staying away from the lectures.
‘In the time where we were developing the MOOC on Water and Climate, we decided to change the course setup. We applied the Flip the classroom model, where students needed to prepare before class starts and we applied more interactive elements in the contact hours’, Prof. Russchenberg mentions.
‘In preparation for the Water & Climate MOOC I was looking for MOOCs already offered on the subject and I stumbled upon a MOOC offered by MITx on Global Warming. The video’s offered there were not immediately useful for the MOOC we were creating, but I remembered the video’s. And in redesigning the master course we decided to use some of these video’s. Students need to study the video’s before class. In class, we would not repeat the contents, but only spend time on the ‘white spots’, to explain on the connection between the MITx video’s and the context of our course. After that we used FeedbackFruits <https://feedbackfruits.com/> to stimulate active discussions and interaction with peers to process the contents on a deeper level and have side discussions as well. This new setup really led to a more engaging atmosphere.’
Besides the flipped setup, students also need to do practical work in the course. This practical work involves modeling with an online tool, with which you can model the impact of climate elements on earth. First students discuss what they expect to happen when a certain intervention is applied, asking students to actively process the theory they studied. Later, the assumptions were tested by using the tool to model the problem, and results were compared.
Using MITx video’s in TU Delft Campus Education
Prof. Russchenberg stumbled upon the MITx video’s used in the TU Delft Master course by chance, in preparation for the development of the DelftX MOOC on Water & Climate. The video’s would fit the course content-wise, but not all of them, and not the entire MOOC. So Prof. Russenberg decided to offer the video’s in the university’s learning environment to his students. ‘The entire MOOC was too much, went too deep, for our students in the course time we have in this course. And not all the topics covered are covered the way we like it.’
‘Most students liked the material. But they do complain that the studyload for the course is too high and it is too much. But in fact it isn’t. Students just have to actually meet the hours required for the course related to the amount of ECTS. Where in the past students could get away with not preparing for the lectures and study for their exams just in time, the current setup does not allow this anymore. The workload seems to have shifted a bit to students, but the amount of EC was the same. Students now have to make the hours that stand for the EC’s.’
‘Also, students seem to appreciate the current structure as a whole very well. Students seem to have a better understanding thanks to this structure. The course contents stick better, since there is always interaction, students need to actively participate, and they get to understand the contents much better.’
‘This is the third year we run the course in this way and it works well. You get a very lively atmosphere in the classroom among students. And by using the video’s offered by MITx I save time. Initially it took me some time to redesign the course. But now I reap the benefits. I still spend my hours to prepare my lectures, but it gave me time: I don’t have to offer the lecture anymore, and can go into discussions more. I can go deeper into the contents or talk about it in a wider context.’
From day one the mission of KienHoc was clear and simple: to make world-class education accessible for every Vietnamese. Kienhoc believes that high-quality education should and could be made totally free, or at minimum costs. Eight Massive Open Online Courses from renowned western Universities have been translated to Vietnamese. This has already enriched the learning experience of over 2000 people who had limited exposure to such high-grade content previously. This is a story about how open sharing of education (via Creative Commons licensing) and crowdsourcing impacts the lives of thousands of learners by increasing access to education.
Kienhoc is a Vietnamese nonprofit organisation, founded in September 2015, by a team of young Vietnamese with a passion for education. At that time, MOOCs (massive open online courses) had already become mainstream through platforms like Coursera, edX, Udacity, and Udemy offering thousands of online courses to millions of people worldwide. There was enthusiasm about their potential to democratise education for every person on this planet.
The problem was that most of these courses are delivered in English, and it can be an enormous challenge to study in a foreign language, especially for highly technical subjects. They realised that these incredibly rich and wonderful contents remain distant to the people most in need, in developing countries like Vietnam. So the founders of Kienhoc decided to team together to change that situation by closing this gap.
Standing on the shoulders of giants
Kienhoc: “Our current approach is to stand on the shoulders of giants when it comes to sourcing educational contents. We take courses (in English) offered by top universities under the Creative Commons license, which lets us reuse and adapt the materials for the local audience. Admittedly, this model has a limitation as at the moment only a handful of MOOCs have such a license. This is regrettable because making MOOCs truly open, like the second ‘O’ in its title, can bring huge benefits to both universities and learners. Releasing educational materials under an open license is unlikely to put any extra burden on universities as most MOOC courses are free to audit, for example on platforms like edX and Coursera. Yet doing so will put the community in the driver’s seat and allows them to not only translate but also create derivative or additional works that are more friendly toward learners like ours. So we see this as a very practical solution to democratising college and higher education.”
A community of learners, translators and experts
Kienhoc: “Translation of courses is done via crowdsourcing with the help of hundreds of volunteers. We place a very strong emphasis on the quality of the output of this process: All translations are reviewed by subject-matter experts, whom we call course advisors, to assure that there is no loss in the translated versions, and that the new contents are comprehensible for learners. Experts are also responsible for designing a syllabus that fits the interests of local learners, including the creation of quizzes, assignments and exams.”
“Initially they are recruited from our academic network, but increasingly more experts choose to work with us because they believe in our cause. They may be postdoctoral researchers, university lecturers, or someone who has expertise in a certain field. They live in Vietnam or overseas in different continents. But they all do this out of their passion for spreading knowledge and doing so as volunteers. Another aspect we care about is learners’ experience and their participation in a course. For this we are actively promoting course discussions using a common study group on Facebook, which is frequently monitored by our team and course advisors. Soon we will try other approaches such as having online sessions where students can interact and have their questions answered by instructors in real time.”
The first courses
Kienhoc officially launched their first two courses in March 2016, which were the popular CS50 – Introduction to Computer Science from Harvard, available on edX, and the first module in the self-paced course Fundamentals of Biology from MIT, available on MIT OCW. Since then they have released six additional courses, among which two courses from TU Delft: Frame101x – Framing: how politicians debate, and Ex101x – Data analysis: take it to the MAX(), and others like Justice from Harvard; Fundamentals of Biology Part II from MIT; Introduction to Psychology and Financial Markets from Yale.
A number of factors contributed to this initial selection of course catalog, most notably the limited availability of Creative Commons courses and accessibility to subject-matter experts, who had to be recruited but were persuaded by their mission. In the near future Kienhoc plans to have more liberal art courses, including those in social science that are in high demand.
Kienhoc: “We would also like to have a few foundational courses for each field of study so that anyone who is interested can start their journey from scratch with us. Furthermore, more in-depth programs like a specialisation or series on Coursera and edX are also being considered.”
Kienhoc: “So far we have got some encouraging feedback, and our team would like to thank our wonderful community of volunteer translators, collaborators, reviewers, and advisors, for making it possible. At the time of writing we have over 2,000 active learners who registered over 3,500 enrolments in the eight courses. Most students are aged from 18 to 25, a sizable number are with a bachelor or higher degree. The majority of users live in Vietnam but we do see people residing in other countries enrolling in our courses, too. Together they have watched over 83,000 hours of video lectures. Our two most popular courses are CS50 and Psychology, the latter attracted over 1,000 learners within the first day of launching.”
“One of our initial concerns was that learning through English lectures with Vietnamese captions may not be effective. So we spoke to our users and contrary to our thought, most of them said that was not an issue. In fact they are happy that they can now study with subtitles whereas before a significant amount of time had to be spent on the language matter. Students are also very excited to experience Western education and pleased with the content which has not been accessible to them previously.”
This week, during the annual Open Education Global Conference, TU Delft received an Open MOOC award for the Pre-University Calculus MOOC.
“The Open Education Awards for Excellence provide annual recognition to outstanding contributions in the global Open Education Consortium community. These awards recognize distinctive open education sites, technological innovations, notable open courses, and exemplary leaders in Open Education worldwide. The Open Education Awards for Excellence are annually issued by the Open Education Consortium.”
We are very proud to receive this award as a recognition for our efforts to enable global learning in the field of Science, Design and Engineering. And we are very proud of the course team responsible for developing this course.
This award is a great new addition to the awards TU Delft has won in the past. An overview is available on our new OpenCourseWare website.
“TU Delft started sharing Open Educational resources back in 2007. Now, TU Delft Open Education has matured in such a way that we are ready to take the next step: offering credits for MOOCs.
As I mentioned before, offering credits for MOOCs is a big step for brick and mortar universities.
Currently TU Delft aims at setting up an alliance with several international partners, like the University of Queensland, the University of British Columbia, EPFL, Rice University and Australian National University. Their shared ambition is to recognize and integrate MOOCs in (formal) campus education. This would mean that in the future any student registered at one of the partner universities can take any MOOC offered by these universities and be awarded formal Credits for it.
Please join us at the Open Education Seminar (March 10th, 14:00h, TU Delft campus)! During the Seminar:
- We will share our vision on the next steps in Open Education, supported by our alliance partners.
- The opening presentation will be followed by a range of guest speakers who will share their experience and ideas about bringing Open Education closer to formal education, leading to an increase in quality of learning for our students.
- The Seminar will be closed with a debate, where everyone present can share his or her opinion and vision.
The idea of free and open sharing in education is not new. In fact, sharing is probably the most basic characteristic of education: education is sharing knowledge, insights and information with others, upon which new knowledge, skills, ideas and understanding can be built. TU Delft has been active in the field of Open Education since 2007, when the OpenCourseWare program was started. Since 2013 the portfolio has been complemented with Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), reaching nearly a million learners worldwide. Now, it is time to take the next step in Open Education.
During the Open Education Week (March 7 – 11), we will organise several workshops and an Open Education Seminar at Delft University of Technology, where you will learn more about the basics of Open Education, how to connect and/or integrate Open Education in formal education and how you could use open education to increase the learning experience for your campus students.
If you do not have time to visit all the events, use this short overview to make it easier to choose:
Learn about the basics of Open Education
Would you like to know more about what Open Education is and what sets it apart from online education? Then we’d recommend to register for:
- Action Lab: getting started with Open Education – Monday, March 7th, 14:00 – 16:00h
- Open Cinema – Wednesday, March 9th, 10:00 – 11:00 / 12:00 – 13:00 or 15:00 – 16:00h
Learn more about connecting and integrating Open Education in formal education
Would you like to learn how you could use open education to increase the quality of your course, how to enhance the learning experience of your students or what plans the university has in this area, we’d recommend to register for:
- Action Lab: Create your own course design – Tuesday, March 8th, 14:00 – 16:00h
- Open Education Seminar & Debate – Thursday, March 10th, 14:00 – 17:00h
Learn more about options to make your own recordings
- Visit the New Media Center – Monday, March 7th or Tuesday March 8th, 10:30 – 12:00h
We hope to see you there!
This year, three TU Delft courses have won Awards for OpenCourseWare Excellence from the world-wide Open Education Consortium. This consortium is the largest international organisation in the field of open education. Hundreds of educational institutions and similar organisations that share course material freely via the internet are affiliated to the consortium. The awards will be presented at the annual Open Education Consortium conference, which this year will take place in Banff, Alberta, Canada, between 22 and 24 April.
Free online courses
The Open Education Consortium presents three awards for free open online courses (open MOOCs). ‘Open’ means that the material may be used by third parties (for non-commercial purposes). Two of these awards have been won by TU Delft.
Solving Complex Problems, by Alexander de Haan, is about Complex Multi Actor Systems, ‘spaghetti situations’ in which everything appears to be interlinked and many factors influence each other. Consider, for example, a situation in which new energy technology is introduced into an existing energy market. In such situations, people often talk about solutions, but nobody is exactly sure what the question is, or the best solution. Quantitative and qualitative models can help people understand such complex issues. Course participants will acquire practical tools and methods with which to structure and analyse complex problems.
Delft Design Approach, by Jaap Daalhuizen, has also received an Award of Excellence in the ‘Open MOOC’ category. The Delft Design Approach is a structured approach that helps designers cope with complex design projects – from the formulation of a strategic vision and mapping users and their contexts to developing and selecting meaningful designs for products and services. TU Delft hopes that this MOOC will introduce participants to its own unique approach to design, using several models and design methods, and drawing upon the knowledge and experience of experts from both education and practice. The online course allows participants to compare their results with those of students studying on campus at Delft and designers from the profession.
The Human Controller, by David Abbink, is a course in the Mechanical Engineering Master’s degree programme. The course material (video lectures, exercises, articles, exam questions, etc.) is freely available as OpenCourseWare (OCW) on the internet. The Open Education Consortium has awarded the course as an ‘Outstanding (OCW) Course’.
The course studies man’s abilities and limits with regard to controlling machines. Various human sensors are explained, and participants learn how muscles work and how movement is coordinated. Man’s ability to control is explained within the context of control technology – a tricky subject that is made somewhat easier by considering examples from the practical situation. Two of the course assignments involve students doing their own experiments to demonstrate that the theory also applies to them. In one of these projects, the students download software that requires them to follow a moving dot with their mouse. This game allows the students to experience just how difficult it can be to control different types of systems, and teaches them how to measure their own control behaviour and construct mathematical models.
TU Delft considers sharing knowledge with the rest of the world to be one of its core tasks. It has therefore been publishing course material online as OpenCourseWare since 2007. Some 150 courses have now been published, which are visited by 1,500 people per day.
TU Delft has been offering MOOCs free of charge to anyone with internet access since September 2013. Up until now, the courses have reached more than 350,000 people across the globe. At present, TU Delft is running 17 MOOCs. The MOOCs at TU Delft stand out because they are totally open (i.e. published under a free or open licence), which means that the material may be used by third parties for non-commercial purposes.
As you know, last week many activities have been organised to celebrate Open Education during the Open Education Week, and it was a great success. We are very happy with all the attention for the activities we organised and the response we got from the participants.
Following a successful Research Seminar in the morning, the Education Seminar for instance covered many experiences on the opportunities and impact of Open Education for both online and campus students and learners worldwide, both by teaching, research and support staff from our own university, and several speakers from other institutions (like Fontys University of Applied Sciences, The Hague University of Applied Science and Leiden University) shared a balanced mix of experiences. We are very thankful for all of their contributions.
The other activities have also reached a lot of (teaching) staff, who got a better understanding of what it takes to design a(n open) course design, what it takes to record video’s at the New Media Center and what challenges lie ahead for Open Education. We’ve seen a lot of people renewing their enthusiasm or being inspired with new creative ideas around Open Education.
For some activities recordings have been made. These recordings and in most cases the presentations are now available on the website.
The Open Education Week once again gave way to new enthusiasm and inspiration for Open Education in our University. We are very thankful for all contributions and participation and we’re looking forward to continue to work on Open Education.
Open Education Week’s goal is to raise awareness about free and open educational opportunities. At TU Delft we want to highlight how open education can help people meet their goals in education, whether that’s to develop skills and knowledge for work, supporting formal studies, learning something new for personal interest, or looking for additional teaching resources. Therefore, starting March 9th, we kick off the Open Education Week 2015. The perfect opportunity for (teaching) staff and students to discover more about the possibilities of online and open education. During the Open Education Week we organize several activities about open and online education. For instance, there will be a research seminar on Monday, a carousel with speakers from TU Delft and other institutions, workshops and a debate on the 12th.
Monday, March 9th: Research Seminar: Data Science
During the research seminar we will address topics like learning analytics, gamification and assessment. Many researchers from TU Delft and other universities will share their visions on research in Open & Online Education | More info
Monday March 9th: Education Seminar: Open Education
During the education seminar both our E-dean of Open & Online Education, one of the board members of the Open Education Consortium and lecturers of TU Delft and other HE institutions will shed their light on sharing and reusing Educational resources and the impact of Online education on campus | More info
Tuesday, March 10th, Workshop: Develop an ‘Open’ Course design
Learn about what open educational practices are and how you can design your course around reusing Open Education(al resources) More info
Wednesday, March 11th: Visit the New Media Centre
Sign up for a tour to the New Media Centre, catch a glimpse of the recording studios, learn how to prepare for recording learning videoclips (short workshop) and find out everything you want to know about the services the New Media Centre can provide | More info
Thursday, March 12th: A Future for Open Education?
Join the debate and discuss the current developments and future directions of TU Delft Open & Online Education with Anka Mulder, Vice president Education & Operations TU Delft | More info
If you are around at TU Delft don’t hesitate to register for one or more of the activities. And if you’re interested, you might also want to have a look at the Global Open Education Week website, listing all activities organised worldwide.
In April the OpenCourseWare Consortium organized the annual OCWC Global conference, this time in the beautiful city of Ljubljana. After winning two awards in 2013 , TU Delft was lucky enough to have been awarded no less then 4 awards this year:
- Anka Mulder (vice president education & operations and former president of the OpenCourseWare Consortium) was granted the Leadership Award
- Our OpenCourseWare website was granted the Outstanding Site Award.
- Prof. ir. Jules van Lier was granted the Open MOOC Award for sharing the course materials of the Introduction to Water Treatment MOOC under an open license
- Dr. Arno Smets was also granted the Open MOOC Award for sharing the course materials of the Solar Energy MOOC under an open license.
We are very proud and feel very privileged to have been granted so many awards!
Also, the OpenCourseWare Consortium announced a name change and will from now on carry the name ‘Open Education Consortium’. This name change resembles the widening of focus for the consortium from educational resources towards education and therewith better suits the globally changing interests of institutions.